David Lynch is an American film director, television director, visual artist, musician, actor, and author. Known for his surrealist films, he has developed a unique cinematic style. The surreal and, in many cases, violent elements contained within his films have been known to "disturb, offend or mystify" audiences. A former student of the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in Philadelphia, it was here where he first made the transition to producing short films. Deciding to devote himself more fully to this medium, he moved to Los Angeles, where he produced his first motion picture, the surrealist horror film Eraserhead (1977). Lynch had several more successful projects, including The Elephant Man (1980), Dune (1984), and the popular murder mystery Twin Peaks (1990–1991; 2016).